A mural is an official term for wall art. Mural is a Spanish term that means “attached to a wall.” A mural is a painting or other kind of art that is layered onto a wall or ceiling in the realm of art. Thus, a mural, also commonly known as wall art, is any combination of images that is produced and painted on a wall, and sometimes on a ceiling. Wall art techniques are classified into four categories: fresco, mosaic, graffiti, and marouflage. Using these techniques various kinds of Wall Art can be produced such as Abstract Wall art or Islamic Wall Art to name a few.
Abstract Wall art, as the name suggests, is wall art using abstract art form. Typically, abstract art is based on visual language. It comprises of shapes, colors, lines and even patterns that are used as a medium of expression by the artist. Abstract art is often confused with non-figurative art because of the level of similarity they have however, they are two different art forms. While non-figurative or non-representational art may have a connection with the real world, abstract art is essentially a depiction of an alternative reality and it is not necessary for abstract art to resonate with any ideas of contemporary art styles. This not only includes imagery but colors, styles and patterns as well. Abstract wall art is mostly used to deliver messages to its viewers. Traces of abstract art is found in almost all wall art techniques but it is most prevalent in graffiti. Graffiti as a medium of expression heavily relies on abstract art style.
Islamic wall art features some of the most picturesque designs and exquisite patterns. Islamic wall art can be divided into three main elements, geometric patterns, calligraphy and vegetal patterns. The earlies Islamic wall art was inspired by Byzantine Art also known as the Early Christian Art, Roman Art and Sassanian Art. Later over the years, as the Islamic civilization expanded its art was also influenced by Central Asian Nomadic tribes as well as Chinese Art forms, Islamic Civilization was not geographically bound. It was spread wide through the world connecting different cultures races and communities. Same was the case for Islamic Art. Every region had its very own style of Wall Art yet they all followed the general Islamic thematic. Islamic Art as a concept is often viewed critically by modern art historians. It is argued that it is a western idea to generalize art forms during the time into Islamic Art.
Geometric Patterns are also key element of Islamic Wall Art. It is heavily used in most art designs since figurative images are forbidden in the religion. Geometric patterns largely consist of squares and circles that form an intricate, overlapping and interlaced pattern. The geometric patterns used in Islamic wall art are based on 6 -13-point patterns and some even go as further as 16 points. Islamic Wall Art is also reliant of calligraphy.
All in all, wall art can be a great addition to any wall.
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